Industry Terms and Definitions

Private Investigation

Private investigator – a highly trained and competent individual experienced in conducting investigations, who lawfully gathers facts, evidence, and information in an objective, logical, methodical, hypothesis-driven manner, for private individuals, attorneys, business, or government agencies. The term “private investigator” is contemporary usage for what used to be called a private detective or private eye.

Private investigation – a process of gathering and collecting facts and evidence in a lawful, objective, logical, and methodical manner

Private detective – an older term, synonymous with private investigator

Private eye – an older term, synonymous with private investigator

Licensed private investigator – an individual licensed through the state government (e.g. Maryland) to conduct private investigations. Most states require investigators to be licensed.

Licensed private detective – an older term, synonymous with licensed private investigator

Licensed private eye – an older term, synonymous with licensed private investigator

Maryland private investigator – an investigator licensed to conduct private investigations for an agency in the State of Maryland who has complied with Title 13 of the Maryland Code

Maryland private detective – an older term used interchangeably with Maryland private investigator

Maryland private eye – an older term, synonymous with Maryland private investigator

Maryland detective – any detective who conducts investigations in the State of Maryland. This term can be used to describe a private investigator, a police detective, or a retail store detective.

Private investigations agency – an agency that provides the services of private investigators to its clientele, typically licensed to do so through a state government

Private detective agency – an older term used interchangeably with private investigations agency

Maryland private investigations agency – an agency licensed to operate by and in the State of Maryland to offer the services of private investigators to the public

Maryland private detective agency – an older term used interchangeably with Maryland private investigations agency

Maryland private investigations – investigations conducted by employees of a private investigations agency licensed in the State of Maryland, adherent with Title 13 of the Maryland Code

Maryland investigations – any investigations that take place in the State of Maryland, including those conducted by private investigators, police detectives, police officers, or security officers


Security

Security – the protection of life, information, and/or property

Security guard – an individual employed by a security guard agency to protect life, information, and/or property

Security officer – another term for security guard

Security guard agency – an agency that offers security guard services directly to the public

Uniformed security – the protection of assets and property by uniformed security personnel

Uniformed security guard – an individual who performs his/her security duties in a designated uniform issued by an employing agency

Uniformed security officer – another term for uniformed security guard

Licensed security guard – a security guard employed by an agency licensed through a state government (e.g. Maryland) to provide security guard services

Licensed security agency – an agency licensed by a state government (e.g. Maryland) to provide the services of security guards

Personal security – non-uniformed security services performed by armed or unarmed guards, offered to individuals

Private security agency – an agency that provides security officers to protect the life and property of private individuals, businesses, and public agencies or organizations

Licensed private security agency – an agency licensed by a state government (e.g. Maryland) to provide security guard services for private individuals, businesses, and public agencies or organizations

Maryland security – security activities that are performed and regulated in the State of Maryland

Maryland security guard – a security guard employed in the State of Maryland by a licensed security guard agency that has complied with Title 19 of the Maryland Code

Maryland security officer – another term used to describe a Maryland security guard

Maryland uniformed security guard – a security guard employed in the uniform of an agency licensed in the State of Maryland that has complied with Title 19 of the Maryland Code

Maryland uniformed security officer – another term used to describe a Maryland uniformed security guard

Armed security – the protection of assets and property by a security guard who has a valid Permit to Carry a Handgun license

Unarmed security – the protection of assets and property by a security guard when a firearm is not required

Maryland armed security – the protection of assets and property by security guards with valid Permit to Carry a Handgun licenses employed by security agencies licensed in the State of Maryland

Maryland unarmed security – the protection of assets and property when a firearm is not required by security guards employed by security agencies licensed in the State of Maryland